There is a well-established practice of using alternatives to detention on Australia’s mainland. This practice has reduced the number of children in mainland detention facilities to a minimal level. These well-established programs achieve government objectives while saving money and protecting children’s health and wellbeing. As a result, currently there are very few children detained on Australia’s mainland.
However, Australia has an offshore processing agreement with the country of Nauru, which holds more than 40 children in detention centres on behalf of the Australian government.
Australia could improve its score by utilising alternatives to detention across all immigration facilities, and through clear articulation of these practices within policy and law.